Is Saturday the Sabbath? Should we still keep it according to Commandment #4?
This Bible study contains Biblical and Historical Evidence including:
-25+ Bible Verses
-Old Testament Evidence: God Commanded His People To Keep the Sabbath
-New Testament Evidence: YahuShua (Jesus) The Messiah Honored the Sabbath, even in death
-The word for Saturday in other languages is a variation of Sabbath
-The Calendar Has Remained Unchanged
-Why and When the Sabbath Was Moved to Sunday, the First Day of the Week
-Confessions From Clergyman
-Letter from God regarding the Sabbath and the Law
** Friends, please read the whole blog before disagreeing…you will be surprised. I promise 🙂 **
Friends, Sisters and Brothers in Messiah, I am here to tell you Saturday is the Sabbath!*… Not Sunday.
Now before you take offense, hear my words. They are not entirely my own… God’s Spirit fills me. Indeed, you are not wrong for worshiping on Sunday. No one can ever be wrong when worshiping The Lord and gathering together for fellowship in the name of YahuShua (Jesus). To worship The Lord any and all days is righteousness, but the seventh day is the day God has commanded us to remember and keep holy. So then on Saturday, do no work, but rest in The Lord, and pray and be merry. Then, when Sunday comes, worship and fellowship, if you so choose, for this is also pleasing to the Lord.
I hear some of you saying, ‘Yes, but we are no longer under the Law.’ You are partially right. We are under grace, freed from the Law’s punishment by YahuShua’s death and resurrection. Has the Law also passed away? As the apostle, Paul, says, ‘God forbid.’ Rather, only the laws found in ordinances were nailed to the cross of Messiah, as Paul has taught us.
The Law of the Ten Commandments is now established in us and fulfilled by YahuShua, who is the only One who has never transgressed, who also said, “It is easier for Heaven and earth to pass away than one letter of the Law to fail” (Matthew 5:18); and again, saying,“Whoever breaks one of these least commandments, and shall teach others to do so, shall be called least in the Kingdom; but whoever teaches others to keep them, shall be called great in the Kingdom” (Matthew 5:19)… He, also being the same One who taught us the Law anew, and how to obey it. Why teach us of that which has passed away? So then, if YahuShua remembered the Sabbath and the apostles remembered the Sabbath, how is it then we have forgotten it?!
The church who changed the Sabbath was wrong, but the churches who worship on Sunday are not wrong. For even the apostles wrote that they did gather together on the first day of the week, which was the day after the day they rested and kept holy. (They were Jewish Followers of The Way. They honored and kept the Law and the Holy Days, but with a much greater understanding in the knowledge that YahuShua is the fulfillment of all things and their one and only best example.) Rather, we, as individuals in Messiah, should keep the Sabbath as it is written. In obedience to God, in Messiah, is our love made perfect.
May God’s Spirit guide you and give you understanding as you read.
Yours in Messiah, now and in the Kingdom,
Honoring the Sabbath, the Fourth Commandment Page 1 of 19
Part 1: It Is Important To Keep The Weekly Sabbath Exactly As It Was Written
God set the example by He Himself resting on the seventh day of creation, whereby we should also rest on the seventh day, the day the Creator blessed. God gave us the Sabbath as a gift of rest for us to spend with Him, a sign between us and Him, refreshing our spirit, faith and body. Although it is to be accepted as a gift for all those who take joy in God’s Sabbaths, it is not optional, it is to be obeyed, a commandment of the Most High. Just as we are not to worship any other gods, nor make any graven image, nor misuse Gods name, nor dishonor our parents, nor kill, nor commit adultery, nor steal, nor bear false witness, nor covet, neither should we forget the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy. Nor should we keep it on any other day; the seventh day of each week we shall keep it without question! We must ask ourselves if God made it so important as to make it one of the Ten Commandments, why then do we rationalize it as not being as important as the other nine? Are not all Gods commands to be obeyed exactly as He has written them, or are we and the churches so arrogant that we have any say in the Commandments of God, that we might change them to suit ourselves?
Commemorating any other day would say that we do not honor His act of creation because we are changing the day of rest. God did not rest on the first day, then proceed to do His work for the following six, but He worked for six, and rested on the seventh. To not honor the seventh day acknowledges that we do not truly appreciate His gift of creation, nor do we accept His gift of the Sabbath, a day that we are supposed to share with Him, by honoring Him, speaking of Him, and worshipping Him.
If our minds are consumed by housework, yard work, our careers, shopping, sports activities, etc., then we have not given that day to Him, but only to ourselves. The fourth commandment states specifically how to honor the Sabbath…no work for anyone in your household, including servants and animals and no buying or selling. God states to ..keep it holy.. meaning no sinful behavior, always keeping Him first and foremost in our minds and hearts; also, to speak of Him constantly and to fill our houses with prayer and worship.
To not honor the Sabbath, the seventh day, is to not honor God. Breaking the fourth commandment is as serious offense as is breaking any of the other commandments.
In the United States, the seventh day on any calendar is Saturday. There is no room for disagreement. Either your calendar says Saturday is the seventh day, or it doesn..t. Sunday has not become the seventh day, nor has Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday or Friday. In other areas of the world, they should also observe the Sabbath on the seventh day of each week.
Throughout this study, we will show that Saturday is the accepted Sabbath day, not only by God and YahuShua, but by faithful Christians all around the world. We will also discuss why Saturday, the seventh-day Sabbath, was changed to Sunday, the first-day of the week.
B. Old Testament Evidence:
God Commanded His People To Keep the Sabbath
Throughout the Old Testament, the Sabbath is always referred to as the seventh day, not the first. Specific instructions are given to us, including rest for all, no buying or selling, and to keep the Sabbath holy. Those who keep the Sabbath, the seventh day, as God has commanded, will be rewarded. Please note the following verses:
Genesis 2:2-3 ~ God Rested on the Seventh Day and Blessed It
(2) And on the SEVENTH DAY God ended His work which He had made; and He RESTED ON THE SEVENTH DAY from all His work which He had made. (3) And God blessed the SEVENTH DAY, and sanctified it; because that in it He had RESTED from all His work which God created and made.
Exodus 16:23-30 ~ Rest on the Sabbath, the Seventh Day
(23) And He said unto them, This is that which the Lord hath said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy Sabbath unto the Lord. Bake that which ye will bake today, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. (24) And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade. And it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. (25) And Moses said, Eat that today; for today is a Sabbath unto the Lord. Today ye shall not find it in the field. (26) Six days ye shall gather it; but on the SEVENTH DAY, which is the Sabbath, in it there shall be none. (27) And it came to pass, that they went out some of the people on the SEVENTH DAY for to gather, and they found none. (28) And the Lord said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep My commandments and My laws? (29) See, for that the Lord hath given you the Sabbath, therefore He giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the SEVENTH DAY (30) So the people rested on the SEVENTH DAY. (31) And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna. And it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.
Exodus 20:8-11 ~
The 4th Commandment: Honor the Sabbath, the Seventh Day, and Keep It Holy
(8) Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. (9) Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work, (10) But the SEVENTH DAY is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God. In it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. (11) For in six days the Lord made Heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and RESTED THE SEVENTH DAY. Wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Exodus 23:12 ~ The Servants Are Not Allowed To Work on the Sabbath, the Seventh Day
Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the SEVENTH DAY thou shalt rest. That thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.
Exodus 34:21 ~ Rest on the Sabbath, the SEVENTH DAY, Even During Harvest Time
Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest. In earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.
Leviticus 23:3 ~ The SEVENTH DAY IS THE SABBATH of Rest, a Holy Convocation
Six days shall work be done. But the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no work therein. It is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
Leviticus 26:2-4 ~ Those Who Keep God..s Commandments Are Rewarded
(2) Ye shall keep My Sabbaths, and reverence My sanctuary. I am the Lord. (3) If ye walk in My statutes, and keep My commandments, and do them, (4) then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
Deuteronomy 5:12-15 ~ Obey the 4th Commandment, Honor the Sabbath, the Seventh Day
(12) Keep the Sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. (13) Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work. (14) But the SEVENTH DAY IS THE SABBATH of the Lord thy God. I it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. (15) And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm. Therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the Sabbath day.
Nehemiah 10:31 ~ No Buying or Selling on the Sabbath
And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the Sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the Sabbath, or on the holy day. And that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.
Nehemiah 13:15 ~ No Buying or Selling on the Sabbath
In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals.
Isaiah 56:2, 6 ~ Blessed Are All Those, Including Foreigners, Who Keep the Sabbath
(2) Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the Sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil. (6) Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the Lord, to serve Him, and to love the name of the Lord, to be His servants, every one that keepeth the Sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of My covenant.
Isaiah 58:13-14 ~ Those Who Keep The Sabbath Are Rewarded
(13) If thou turn away thy foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on My holy day; and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable; and shalt honour Him, not doing thine own ways, nor find thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words, (14) then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father. For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.
Isaiah 66:23 ~ Worship the Lord on the Sabbath Day
And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before Me, saith the Lord.
Jeremiah 17:21-22 ~ Bear No Burdens on the Sabbath Day, But Keep It Holy
(21) Thus saith the Lord: Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the Sabbath, nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem. (22) Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the Sabbath day, neither do ye any work, but hallow ye the Sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers.
Ezekiel 20:12-13 ~ Punishment for Those Who Do Not Keep God’s Commands
(12) Moreover also I gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign between Me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them. (13) But the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness. They walked not in My statutes, and they despised My judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them; and My Sabbaths they greatly polluted. Then I said, I would pour out My fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them.
Ezekiel 20:19-20 ~ Keeping God..s Statutes Is a Sign Between God and You
(19) I am the Lord your God. Walk in My statutes, and keep My judgments, and do them. (20) And hallow My Sabbaths, and they shall be a sign between Me and you, that ye may know that I am the Lord your God.
C. New Testament Evidence:
YahuShua (Jesus) The Messiah Honored the Sabbath
YahuShua The Messiah and His disciples kept the Sabbath as commanded in the 4th commandment. YahuShua not only kept all of the commandments, but told us they will be kept forever, and that not even one of these commandments will pass away. As a person choosing to follow YahuShua. His ways become our ways. The examples He gave us throughout His ministry on earth should also be kept today, without question. The New Testament gives us numerous examples of YahuShua honoring the Sabbath day:
Matthew 12:10-12 ~ It is Good to do Good on the Sabbath
(10) And behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked Him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath days? That they might accuse Him. (11) And He said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the Sabbath day, will he not lay hold of it, and lift it out? (12) How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the Sabbath days.
Matthew 24:20-21 ~ The Sabbath Should Be Kept Even in the Last Days
(20) But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the Sabbath day. (21) For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. (In this verse, YahuShua is referring to the last days.)
C. New Testament Evidence:
YahuShua (Jesus) Honored the Sabbath
Mark 2:23-28 ~ YahuShua is Lord of the Sabbath; The Fulfillment of Personal Needs is Allowed on the Sabbath (eating, sleeping, etc.)
(23) And it came to pass, that He went through the corn fields on the Sabbath day; and His disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. (24) And the Pharisees said unto Him, Behold, why do they on the Sabbath day that which is not lawful? (25) And He said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungered, he, and they that were with him? (26) How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him? (27) And He said unto them, The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. (28) Therefore the Son of Man is Lord also of the Sabbath.
Luke 4:16 ~ YahuShua Taught On The Sabbath
And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And, as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up for to read.
Mark 3:1-5 ~ YahuShua Helped Others on the Sabbath
(1) And He entered again into the synagogue, and there was a man there which has a withered hand. (2) And they watched Him, whether He would heal Him on the Sabbath day, that they might accuse Him. (3) And He saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth. (4) And He saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath days, or to do evil? To save life, or to kill? But they held their peace. (5) And when He had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, He saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out. And his hand was restored whole as the other.
Luke 23:55-56 ~ YahuShua’s Disciples Rested and Kept the Sabbath, Even During YahuShua’s Death, As He Also Kept the Sabbath Even in Death
(55) And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how His body was laid. (56) And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment.
Acts 13:14 ~ Messiah’s Apostles Kept the Sabbath
But when they departed form Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and sat down.
James 2:10-11 ~ In Breaking One of the Commandments, We Transgress the Whole Law
(10) For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. (11) For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the Law.
Luke 16:17 ~ The Law, the Ten Commandments, Will Never Pass Away
And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the Law to fail.
[Note: YahuShua is saying it is easier for the skies (heaven) and earth to fade or be destroyed than even one point or word of the Law of God to be changed or destroyed. They are written as it were, in ..everlasting stone… The Ten Commandments stand forever; only the laws found in ordinances have passed away, having been nailed to the cross with YahuShua. – Colossians 2:14]
D. New Testament Evidence:
YahuShua (Jesus) Honored the Sabbath, Even in Death
There are only eight references in the Bible to the first day of the week, none of them referring to the Sabbath (five of them refer to the day when the tomb was found empty). YahuShua rose from the dead Saturday evening, having rested on the Sabbath, the last day of the week.
The Biblical Chronology of YahuShua’s Crucifixion and Resurrection
Tuesday: YahuShua The Messiah, ate an evening Passover meal with His disciples (at the beginning of Nisan 14*, biblical reckoning) and instituted the New Covenant symbols (Matthew 26:26-28). YahuShua was then betrayed by Judas, arrested and during the night brought before the high priest.
Wednesday: YahuShua was crucified and died around 3 p.m. (Matthew 27:46-50). This was the preparation day for the annual, not weekly, Sabbath, which began at sunset (Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:31). YahuShua’s body was placed in the tomb just before sunset (Matthew 27:57-60).
Thursday: This was the high-day Sabbath, the first day of Unleavened Bread (John 19:31; Leviticus 23:4-7). It is described as the day after the ..Day of Preparation.. (Matthew 27:62).
Friday: The high-day Sabbath now past, the women bought and prepared spices for anointing YahuShua’s body before resting on the weekly Sabbath day, which began at Friday sunset (Mark 16:1; Luke 23:56).
Saturday: The women rested on the weekly Sabbath, according to the Fourth Commandment (Luke 23:56; Exodus 20:8-11).YahuShua rose near sunset, exactly three days and three nights after burial, fulfilling the sign of Jonah and authenticating the sign He gave of His messiah-ship.
Sunday: The women brought the prepared spices early in the morning while it was still dark (Luke 24:1; John 20:1), finding that YahuShua had already risen (Matthew 28:1-6; Mark 16:2-6; Luke 24:2-3; John 20:1). He did not rise on Sunday morning, but near sunset the day before.
* Nisan is the first month of the civil year and the seventh month (eighth, in leap year) of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. **Also note that a Biblical day was from sunset to sunset.
E. The Jewish Observation of the Sabbath
The Jewish people have carefully kept the Saturday Sabbath for many millennia. Since the ancient Israelites defined sundown as the end of a day, the Sabbath runs from local sundown on Friday night until sundown on Saturday. With all of these references to the observance of the Saturday Sabbath found in the history of the Jewish people, the life of Messiah, and the practices of disciples and other followers of Messiah, one would naturally assume that Christian churches would have continued with the Jewish Sabbath. So tightly linked is Saturday to the Sabbath that in over 100 languages (one source says 160) the name for Saturday is some variation of the word “Sabbath”.
The following is a partial list:
Afrikaans – Sabado
Arabic – Sabt
Armenian – Shabat
Catalan – Dissabte
Czech – Sobota
Esperanto – Sabato
German – Samstag, Sonnabend
Hebrew – Shabbat
Hungarian – Szombat
Italian – Sabato
Latin – Sabbata; Sabbatum
Polish – Sobota
Portugese – Sabado
Romanian – Simba tu
Swedish – Sabbat
Serbia – Subota
Slovak – Sobota
Spanish – Sabado
Yiddish – Schabes
F. The Calendar Has Remained Unchanged
The Jewish people have observed this date for many millennia without interruption. When the Julian calendar was replaced by the Gregorian calendar in 1582 CE, ten days were deleted in order to bring the calendar in synchronism with the seasons. But the sequence of the days remained the same. Thus, 1582-OCT-4 (a Thursday) was followed by 1582-OCT-15 (a Friday), and the Sabbath of 1582-OCT-16 happened exactly 7 days after the previous Sabbath of OCT-9.
Part 2: Why and When the Sabbath Was Moved
to Sunday, the First Day of the Week
A. Several Reasons
.. The Roman emperor Constantine affection for sun worship led him to endorse Sunday, the first day of the week, a day dedicated to honoring the sun, as a weekly day of rest in the Roman empire . This created considerable hardship on those Jews and true Christians who continued to keep the biblical Sabbath on the seventh day of the week. (A century later the Council of Laodicea would essentially outlaw Sabbath-keeping and Christian observance of the biblical Holy Days.)
.. The Pagan Roman religion and Mithraism, a religious competitor of Christianity, reserved Sunday as their day of religious observance. Many Christians did not make a clear distinction between this sun-cult [Mithraism] and their own. They held their services on Sunday, knelt towards the
East and had their nativity-feast on 25 December, the birthday of the sun at the winter solstice.
.. The Government intermittently persecuted the Jews at this time; it was safer for Christianity to
be considered as a separate religion rather than as a sect of Judaism.
.. Relations between the Jews and Christians were hostile at that time. The early Christian church
had suffered much persecution from the Jews.
.. The Roman Catholic church took it upon themselves to change the Sabbath day from Saturday
to Sunday. They felt it was their ..divine.. right to make this change as they also felt it was their
right to add ..holy.. days (holidays) and such things as purgatory and indulgences, which have no basis in the Bible. Many Protestant churches, who have ties to the Catholic church, still hold to this error today.
B. Confessions From Catholic Clergyman
James Cardinal Gibbons, The Faith of our Fathers, 88th ed., pp. 89.
..But you may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday, a day which we never sanctify…
Stephen Keenan, A Doctrinal Catechism 3rd ed., p. 174.
..Question: Have you any other way of proving that the Church has power to institute festivals of precept?
..Answer: Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her-she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday, the first day of the week, for the observance of Saturday, the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority…
John Laux, A Course in Religion for Catholic High Schools and Academies (1 936), vol. 1, P. 51.
..Some theologians have held that God likewise directly determined the Sunday as the day of worship in the New Law, that He Himself has explicitly substituted the Sunday for the Sabbath. But this theory is now entirely abandoned. It is now commonly held that God simply gave His Church the power to set aside whatever day or days she would deem suitable as Holy Days. The Church chose Sunday, the first day of the week, and in the course of time added other days as holy days…
Daniel Ferres, ed., Manual of Christian Doctrine (1916), p.67.
..Question: How prove you that the Church hath power to command feasts and holy days?
..Answer. By the very act of changing the Sabbath into Sunday, which Protestants allow of, and therefore they fondly contradict themselves, by keeping Sunday strictly, and breaking most other feasts commanded by the same Church…
James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore (1877-1921), in a signed letter.
..Is Saturday the seventh day according to the Bible and the Ten Commandments? I answer yes. Is Sunday the first day of the week and did the Church change the seventh day -Saturday – for Sunday, the first day? I answer yes . Did Christ change the day..? I answer no!
..Faithfully yours, J. Card. Gibbons..
The Catholic Mirror, official publication of James Cardinal Gibbons, Sept. 23, 1893
..The Catholic Church, . . . by virtue of her divine mission, changed the day from Saturday to Sunday…
Catholic Virginian Oct. 3, 1947, p. 9, art. ..To Tell You the Truth…
..For example, nowhere in the Bible do we find that Christ or the Apostles ordered that the Sabbath be changed from Saturday to Sunday. We have the commandment of God given to Moses to keep holy the Sabbath day, that is the 7th day of the week, Saturday. Today most Christians keep Sunday because it has been revealed to us by the[Roman Catholic] church outside the Bible…
Peter Geiermann, C.S.S.R., The Converts Catechism of Catholic Doctrine (1957), p. 50.
..Question: Which is the Sabbath day?
..Answer: Saturday is the Sabbath day.
..Question: Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?
..Answer. We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday…
Martin J. Scott, Things Catholics Are Asked About (1927),p. 136.
..Nowhere in the Bible is it stated that worship should be changed from Saturday to Sunday …. Now the Church … instituted, by God..s authority, Sunday as the day of worship. This same Church, by the same divine authority, taught the doctrine of Purgatory long before the Bible was made. We have, therefore, the same authority for Purgatory as we have for Sunday…
Peter R. Kraemer, Catholic Church Extension Society (1975),Chicago, Illinois.
..Regarding the change from the observance of the Jewish Sabbath to the Christian Sunday, I wish to draw your attention to the facts: (1) That Protestants, who accept the Bible as the only rule of faith and religion, should by all means go back to the observance of the Sabbath. The fact that they do not, but on the contrary observe the Sunday, stultifies them in the eyes of every thinking man. (2) We Catholics do not accept the Bible as the only rule of faith. Besides the Bible we have the living Church, the authority of the Church, as a rule to guide us. We say, this Church, instituted by Christ to teach and guide man through life, has the right to change the ceremonial laws of the Old Testament and hence, we accept her change of the Sabbath to Sunday. We frankly say, yes, the Church made this change, made this law, as she made many other laws, for instance, the Friday abstinence, the unmarried priesthood, the laws concerning mixed marriages, the regulation of Catholic marriages and a thousand other laws. It is always somewhat laughable, to see the Protestant churches, in pulpit and legislation, demand the observance of Sunday, of which there is nothing in their Bible…
T. Enright, C.S.S.R., in a lecture at Hartford, Kansas, Feb. 18,1884.
..I have repeatedly offered $1,000 to anyone who can prove to me from the Bible alone that I am bound to keep Sunday holy. There is no such law in the Bible. It is a law of the holy Catholic Church alone. The Bible says, ..Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy… The Catholic Church says: ..No. By my divine power I abolish the Sabbath day and command you to keep holy the first day of the week… And lo! The entire civilized world bows down in a reverent obedience to the command of the holy Catholic Church…
C. Confessions from Protestant Clergyman
Isaac Williams, Plain Sermons on the Catechism , vol. 1, pp.334, 336.
..And where are we told in the Scriptures that we are to keep the first day at all? We are commanded to keep the seventh; but we are nowhere commanded to keep the first day …. The reason why we keep the first day of the week holy instead of the seventh is for the same reason that we observe many other things, not because the Bible, but because the church has enjoined it…
Canon Eyton, The Ten Commandments , pp. 52, 63, 65.
..There is no word, no hint, in the New Testament about abstaining from work on Sunday …. into the rest of Sunday no divine law enters…. The observance of Ash Wednesday or Lent stands exactly on the same footing as the observance of Sunday…
Bishop Seymour, Why We Keep Sunday .
We have made the change from the seventh day to the first day, from Saturday to Sunday, on the authority of the one holy Catholic Church…
Dr. Edward T. Hiscox, a paper read before a New York ministers.. conference, Nov. 13, 1893, reported in New York Examiner , Nov.16, 1893.
..There was and is a commandment to keep holy the Sabbath day, but that Sabbath day was not Sunday. It will be said, however, and with some show of triumph, that the Sabbath was transferred from the seventh to the first day of the week …. Where can the record of such a transaction be found? Not in the New Testament absolutely not.
..To me it seems unaccountable that Jesus, during three years.. intercourse with His disciples, often conversing with them upon the Sabbath question . . . never alluded to any transference of the day; also, that during forty days of His resurrection life, no such thing was intimated.
..Of course, I quite well know that Sunday did come into use in early Christian history . . . . But what a pity it comes branded with the mark of paganism, and christened with the name of the sun god, adopted and sanctioned by the papal apostasy, and bequeathed as a sacred legacy to Protestantism!..
William Owen Carver, The Lord..s Day in Our Day , p. 49.
..There was never any formal or authoritative change from the Jewish seventh-day Sabbath to the Christian first-day observance…
Dr. R. W. Dale, The Ten Commandments (New York: Eaton &Mains), p. 127-129.
.. . . . it is quite clear that however rigidly or devotedly we may spend Sunday, we are not keeping the Sabbath – . . ..Me Sabbath was founded on a specific Divine command. We can plead no such command for the obligation to observe Sunday …. There is not a single sentence in the New Testament to suggest that we incur any penalty by violating the supposed sanctity of Sunday…
Timothy Dwight, Theology: Explained and Defended (1823), Ser. 107, vol. 3, p. 258.
.. . . . the Christian Sabbath [Sunday] is not in the Scriptures, and was not by the primitive Church called the Sabbath…
Disciples of Christ
Alexander Campbell, The Christian Baptist, Feb. 2, 1824,vol. 1. no. 7, p. 164.
….But,.. say some, ..it was changed from the seventh to the first day… Where? when? and by whom? No man can tell. No; it never was changed, nor could it be, unless creation was to be gone through again: for the reason assigned must be changed before the observance, or respect to the reason, can be changed! It is all old wives.. fables to talk of the change of the Sabbath from the seventh to the first day. If it be changed, it was that august personage changed it who changes times and laws ex officio – I think his name is Doctor Antichrist…
First Day Observance , pp. 17, 19.
..The first day of the week is commonly called the Sabbath. This is a mistake. The Sabbath of the Bible was the day just preceding the first day of the week. The first day of the week is never called the Sabbath anywhere in the entire Scriptures. It is also an error to talk about the change of the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday. There is not in any place in the Bible any intimation of such a change…
The Sunday Problem , a study book of the United Lutheran Church (1923), p. 36.
..We have seen how gradually the impression of the Jewish sabbath faded from the mind of the Christian Church, and how completely the newer thought underlying the observance of the first day took possession of the church. We have seen that the Christians of the first three centuries never confused one with the other, but for a time celebrated both…
Augsburg Confession of Faith art. 28; written by Melanchthon, approved by Martin Luther, 1530; as published in The Book of Concord of the Evangelical Lutheran Church Henry Jacobs, ed. (1 91 1), p. 63.
..They [Roman Catholics] refer to the Sabbath Day, a shaving been changed into the Lord..s Day, contrary to the Decalogue, as it seems. Neither is there any example whereof they make more than concerning the changing of the Sabbath Day. Great, say they, is the power of the Church, since it has dispensed with one of the Ten Commandments!..
Dr. Augustus Neander, The History of the Christian Religion and Church Henry John Rose, tr. (1843), p. 186.
..The festival of Sunday, like all other festivals, was always only a human ordinance, and it was far from the intentions of the apostles to establish a Divine command in this respect, far from them, and from the early apostolic Church, to transfer the laws of the Sabbath to Sunday…
John Theodore Mueller, Sabbath or Sunday , pp. 15, 16.
..But they err in teaching that Sunday has taken the place of the Old Testament Sabbath and therefore must be kept as the seventh day had to be kept by the children of Israel …. These churches err in their teaching, for Scripture has in no way ordained the first day of the week in place of the Sabbath. There is simply no law in the New Testament to that effect…
Harris Franklin Rall, Christian Advocate, July 2, 1942, p.26.
..Take the matter of Sunday. There are indications in the New Testament as to how the church came to keep the first day of the week as its day of worship, but there is no passage telling Christians to keep that day, or to transfer the Jewish Sabbath to that day…
John Wesley, The Works of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M., John Emory, ed. (New York: Eaton & Mains), Sermon 25,vol. 1, p. 221.
..But, the moral law contained in the ten commandments, and enforced by the prophets, he [Christ] did not take away. It was not the design of his coming to revoke any part of this. This is a law which never can be broken …. Every part of this law must remain in force upon all mankind, and in all ages; as not depending either on time or place, or any other circumstances liable to change, but on the nature of God and the nature of man, and their unchangeable relation to each other…
Dwight L. Moody
D. L. Moody, Weighed and Wanting (Fleming H. Revell Co.: New York), pp. 47, 48.
The Sabbath was binding in Eden, and it has been in force ever since. This fourth commandment begins with the word ..remember,.. showing that the Sabbath already existed when God Wrote the law on the tables of stone at Sinai. How can men claim that this one commandment has been done away with when they will admit that the other nine are still binding?..
T. C. Blake, D.D., Theology Condensed, pp.474, 475.
..The Sabbath is a part of the decalogue – the Ten Commandments. This alone forever settles the question as to the perpetuity of the institution . . . . Until, therefore, it can be shown that the whole moral law has been repealed, the Sabbath will stand . . . . The teaching of Christ confirms the perpetuity of the Sabbath…
http://www.biblesabbath.org/confessions.html – Confessions from Clergyman
http://www.religioustolerance.org/sabbath.htm – Jewish and Calendar facts
http://www.dictionaries.travlang.com/otherdicts.html – Translations of the word ..Saturday.. in other languages
- THUS SAYS THE LORD:
3/29/06 From The Lord, Our God and Savior
The Word of The Lord Spoken to Timothy
For All Those Who Have Ears to Hear
Thus says The Lord God: You shall not desecrate the Sabbath, the seventh day of the week, which I have commanded you to remember and keep holy. For as I had spoken it to My servant Moses, so it is and shall be, even to this day. And as I had spoken it before the congregation, so shall it be done. Yea, with the blowing of the great trumpet, with lightnings and thunderings, did I declare My Law; before the tribes of Israel, and in the presence of angels, did I put My power on open display. Behold, by My own finger was it engravened upon tablets of stone, and by the power of My spirit is it established within the hearts of the penitent.
Yet the churches of men forsake The Law, and the peoples of this world seek to tear down My Commandments! Thus they shall surely die! For transgression of The Law is sin, and the penalty of sin is death. Yet a New Covenant I have sent to you in YahuShua The Messiah, to save you from the penalty of that which you have forsaken. Therefore, you shall live because of Him and set your steps aright, according to that which He upholds and has magnified in Himself, He being the only One who is without sin, having kept every tittle of The Law – blameless.
For it is written: It is easier for the heavens and the earth to pass away, than for one tittle of The Law to fail. For the spirit of The Law is shown in The Messiah’s vesture, He being the same One who taught you The Law anew, by His example and by His every word and deed. For The Law is fulfilled in The Messiah; indeed, He is the goal at which the Torah aims. Thus He is The Lord of The Law and of the Sabbath.
So then give answer, O churches of men:
If He is The Lord of the Sabbath,
Having obeyed My every command,
Why do you not follow Him?…
You say you follow Him and honor Me,
Yet most assuredly, I say to you, you shall
All be found liars in the Day of Reckoning!…
Says The Lord.
And you, O church called Roman and Catholic, how We mourn for you! For you have been judged, and shall be left utterly desolate in the Day of The Lord’s Anger! You say you speak for Me and have The Messiah’s authority, yet I tell you, you have trampled upon the grave of The Resurrected One, making His sacrifice of no effect! WOE TO ALL WHO BLASPHEME THE SPIRIT! Throughout your generations you have not ceased from transgressing The Law by your traditions! Even to this day you embrace every foul and contemptible doctrine, reveling in those things I hate! Behold, you pollute the name of The Messiah by all you say and do, as you lead the people astray!
O unholy church of adulteries, mother of all fornications and lies, your destruction draws near! You have become Egypt! LET MY PEOPLE GO! Stop desecrating My Sabbaths! The seventh day is the Sabbath, which I had ordained from the beginning! Cease from your heresies, hold your tongue from your blasphemies, turn back from this wicked way you have chosen, AND REPENT, and I may yet have mercy upon you! For I am The Lord, and I DO NOT CHANGE!
Therefore heed My words and bow down, O unholy church of men! Hear the Word of The Lord, and be broken in pieces! For The Holy One is coming quickly and will take from you His own; He shall snatch them from your very breast! And no more shall My children receive nourishment from you! No more shall they be held captive under the veil of your deceptions! The light shall be taken from you, and you shall be left all alone, utterly estranged, on account of your unending adulteries and for the multitude of your whoredoms, which you performed in MY NAME!
Thus your fate lies with him who is coming, the wicked one who shall lead many into perdition and death. You shall bear him a son, a man who bears the number of his name, his prophet. Yet you will not be alone when desolations come; you and your enemy, Ishmael, shall receive recompense in full. For you both remain children of your father, the devil.
Behold, The Mighty and Strong One
Shall return and take from the earth
His own, and great recompense
Shall be poured out on all nations…
He shall come in power and great glory,
And Judgment shall sit…
Yet all who come out from among them,
And call upon the name of The Holy One of Israel,
In spirit and in truth, shall be delivered…
Says The Lord.